This is G20 for we, the people

  • 2023 G20 Leaders’ Summit is soon going to be held in New Delhi on September 9-10.
  • Theme of India’s G20 Presidency – “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” or “One Earth · One Family · One Future”

Philosophical dimension

  • Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam” — the phrase means “the world is one family”.
  • This is an all-embracing outlook that encourages us to progress as one universal family, transcending borders, languages, and ideologies.
  • During India’s G20 Presidency, this has translated into a call for human-centric progress.
  • As One Earth, we are coming together to nurture our planet.
  • As One Family, we support each other in the pursuit of growth.
  • And we move together towards a shared future — One Future — which is an undeniable truth in these interconnected times.

Significant changes in world order after the Covid-19

  • Growing realisation that a shift away from a GDP-centric view of the world to a human-centric view is needed.
  • The world is recognising the importance of resilience and reliability in global supply chains.
  • There is a collective call for boosting multilateralism through the reform of global institutions.

India’s aims

  • India’s G20 Presidency has played the role of a catalyst in these shifts.
  • India’s raised the concern and make consistent effort in mainstreaming the marginalised aspirations of developing countries, the Global South and Africa.
  • The Voice of Global South Summit, which witnessed participation from 125 countries, was one of the foremost initiatives under India Presidency.
  • It was an important exercise to gather inputs and ideas from the Global South.
  • It is not only seen the largest-ever participation from African countries but has also pushed for the inclusion of the African Union as a permanent member of the G20.

Inclusive vision of G20

  • An interconnected world means our challenges across domains are interlinked.
  • This is the midway year of the 2030 Agenda and many are noting with great concern that the progress on SDGs is off-track.
  • The G20 2023 Action Plan on Accelerating Progress on SDGs will spearhead the future direction of the G20 towards implementing SDGs.

India’s efforts to counter climate change: Sustainable life style; A message to all

  • In India, living in harmony with nature has been a norm since ancient times and we have been contributing our share towards climate action even in modern times.
  • India believes that there is a need to move away from a purely restrictive attitude of what should not be done, to a more constructive attitude focusing on what can be done to fight climate change.
  • Indian has made various efforts for climate change which leave the marks for other nations to fight against climate change
  • For e.g. the Chennai HLPs for a Sustainable and Resilient Blue Economy focus on keeping oceans healthy and a global ecosystem for clean and green hydrogen will emerge from India’s presidency, along with a Green Hydrogen Innovation Centre.
  • Therefore, many countries of the Global South are at various stages of development and climate action must be a complementary pursuit and Ambitions for climate action must be matched with actions on climate finance and transfer of technology


The following initiates are taken by Indian governments for climate sustainable solution

  • In 2015, we launched the International Solar Alliance. Now, through the Global Biofuels Alliance, we will support the world to enable energy transitions in tune with the benefits of a circular economy.
  • Nudged the world with Lifestyles for Sustainable Environment (LiFE).Democratising climate action is the best way to impart momentum to the movement.
  • Just as individuals make daily decisions based on their long-term health, they can make lifestyle decisions based on the impact on the planet’s long-term health.
  • Just like Yoga became a global mass movement for wellness, we have also nudged the world with Lifestyles for Sustainable Environment (LiFE)
  • Launching of Shree Anna scheme: Due to the impact of climate change, ensuring food and nutritional security will be crucial. Millets, or Shree Anna, can help with this while also boosting climate-smart agriculture.
  • In the International Year of Millets, we have taken millets to global palates.
  • The Deccan High-Level Principles on Food Security and Nutrition is also helpful in this direction.
  • Developing and sharing digital public infrastructure (DPI): For instance, the billions across the world that remain unbanked, or lack digital identities, can be financially included through digital public infrastructure (DPI).
  • The solutions we have built using our DPI have now been recognised globally.
  • Now, through the G20, India will help developing countries adapt, build, and scale DPI to unlock the power of inclusive growth.


Inclusive growth and development

  • India is the fastest-growing large economy is no accident and its simple, scalable and sustainable solutions have empowered the vulnerable and the marginalised to lead our development story.
  • From space to sports, economy to entrepreneurship, Indian women have taken the lead in various sectors.
  • They have shifted the narrative from the development of women to women-led development.
  • Therefore, India G20 Presidency is working on bridging the gender digital divide, reducing labour force participation gaps and enabling a larger role for women in leadership and decision-making.

For India, the G20 Presidency is not merely a high-level diplomatic endeavour. As the mother of Democracy and a model of diversity, India has opened the doors of this experience to the world.