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Significant Government Accomplishments


The goal of non-fossil fuels constituting forty per cent of the electricity generation capacity was met nine years before the 2023 deadline.

External Affairs:

What Amendments are Suggested ?

The Control of False Information and Online Games:

The IT Rules 2021 stipulate restrictions on the types of content users can create, upload, and share.The proposed amendments require all intermediaries (including online gaming intermediaries) to make reasonable efforts to ensure that users do not: 

Online Games:

Environment and Biodiversity

Mission Concerning Green Hydrogen

The Union Cabinet recently approved National Green Hydrogen Mission (NGHM).

By utilizing solar or wind energy to produce hydrogen, green hydrogen addresses the problem of carbon emissions caused by the current methods of large-scale hydrogen production.

What are the Most Important Aspects of the Mission?


It seeks to facilitate the production, demand creation, utilization, and export of green hydrogen and its derivatives, such as green ammonia and green methanol.

By 2030, NGHM initiatives are anticipated to result in a minimum annual production capacity of 5 MMT.

Approximately 125 gigawatts will be added to the renewable energy capacity.

Nodal Ministry: The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is responsible for drafting regulations and implementing the Mission.


Phase 1 (2023-24 to 2025-26) will concentrate on generating demand (via refineries, fertilizers, and city gas sectors) and increasing the production capacity of domestic electrolyzers.

There will be pilot projects to initiate the use of green hydrogen in steel production, long-distance transportation, and shipping.

Regulatory frameworks and standards will also be established for proper engagement with international norms.

Phase 2 (2026-27 to 2029-30): Based on cost structure and market demand, the commercial viability of green hydrogen-based projects in the steel production, transportation, and shipping sectors will be investigated.

Other potential industries, such as railways and aviation, will receive new pilot projects.

Other projects will focus on scaling up research and development activities to create products.

Economy Economic Survey (2022).-23

The Economic Survey 2022-23 was published recently.

What are the Survey’s most salient findings?

(GDP): The Survey estimates 6.5% real GDP growth for 2023-24; however, the actual growth rate would range between 6% and 6.8% (depending on the global economic and political development paths).


What are Scheme’s primary characteristics?

Acquiring banks will receive a financial incentive for promoting POS and e-commerce transactions with RuPay Debit Cards and Person-to-merchant transactions of up to Rs 2,000 on the BHIM UPI platform.

MeitY and the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI) may include or exclude merchant categories from industry programmes.

The Scheme is anticipated to cost a total of Rs 2,600 billion.

2016 IBC Proposed Amendments

The Ministry of Corporate Affairs has solicited feedback on proposed amendments to the 2016 Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC).

IBC provides a framework for the time-bound resolution of insolvency involving individuals and businesses.

What are the principal IBC amendments?

Standardized Insolvency Resolution Procedure (PIRP):

Property Insolvency Proceedings:

Multiple Resolution Plans for Corporate Debtors: The committee of creditors can only approve one resolution plan during the resolution process for corporate insolvency.

As finding a single applicant to assume control of the entire corporate debtor can be challenging, proposed amendments would permit them to approve multiple plans for individual or collective assets.

Nevertheless, at least one approved plan must resolve the business debtor as a going concern.

Proceeds Distribution:

The Ministry has observed that the distribution of proceeds among creditors is a source of numerous disputes.

According to the proposed amendments, creditors will receive proceeds up to the liquidation value for their claims. Any surplus above that value will be distributed to creditors based on the proportion of their unsatisfied claims.